Commissioned by the Centre Pompidou for its permanent collection, the wooden model suspended within a glass case explores the principles of responsive architecture. When the humidity level within the case rises, the system reacts by ventialting the air without any equipment or electricity.
The project is a result of a five year long research, exploring architectural systems that respond to climatic changes without any additional technology. The breathing of the structure is enabled by using wood and relying on anisotropy (physcical properties related to grain direction), and hygroscopicity (wood’s ability to absorb moisture when dry and releasing moisture into the atmosphere when wet). The sensitivity to moisture generates shape changes.
“The system consists of custom developed elements made from a combination of quarter-cut maple veneer and synthetic composites. More than 4,000 geometrically unique elements are digitally fabricated and the complex substructure is robotically manufactured. The composite system elements can be programmed to materially compute different shapes within variable humidity response ranges by adjusting the following five parameters: [i] the fiber directionality, [ii] the layout of the natural and synthetic composite, [iii] the length-width-thickness ratio and [iv] geometry of the element and especially [v] the humidity control during the production process.”
To commemorate the 2013 Skyscraper Competition, eVolo published a collector’s edition of its highly acclaimed book “eVolo Skyscrapers”. The book is a two-volume, 1300-page set with the best 300 projects received during the last years. Only 150 copies are available worldwide.