2010 Skyscraper Competition
Nikola Stojkovic, Rajan Garic
Compress is a specially designed dynamic system which provides instant space for variety of use.
Environmental, social and economic disturbances cause significant fluctuation among people. Many are left in danger and the need for shelter comes only second after basic necessities. In such case architecture plays important part in reducing the effects and providing basis for restoring continuity. This project examines the possibilities of creating First Aid Skyscraper (called Compress), easily transported in standard shipping containers and deployed all over the world. Location for this project can be anywhere from Haiti to Afghanistan. It is designed as first building on site after accidents. It shares almost military aesthetics and is intended to be in the front rows. As such it can respond to any need and provide first aid, accommodation or shelter for scientific research.
The principle that allows this innovative approach is based on a mechanism of interconnecting diagonals. The behavior of the system is regulated by applied hydraulic or pneumatic pressure on the lowest pair. Diagonals work together as a group allowing up and down movement, serving as method of uplift and structural part. Envisioned as a new construction method for high rise building, the system is based on prefabricated off-situ production.
Compress can serve as an independent unit or modular solution understanding limited floor surface and making the best of it. Each can be multiplied in infinite numbers or directions creating specialized or non-uniform structures. Installation is easy. Once on site, container shell provides platform and leveling and system of diagonals position the slabs to appropriate level. This simple method allows further modification according to new use. Vertical communication is achieved through set of standardized parts that construct modular staircase. Diagonals, slabs and staircase provide structure on which different cladding can be applied. Enclosures are incorporated in the system and share three-fold operation throughout variations. Inside, floor space is limited and can accommodate up to nine people. Different uses will organize levels as required but basic sanitation needs are located on the ground floor due to sewage and water treatment. Container shell can provide additional ground clearance in case of the big flood or ground contamination. Communication equipment is located on the roof terrace.
Vertical solutions bring great benefit of creating additional area on small surfaces. However, they were not recognized as potentially instant architecture. In cases when land area is limited resource the only solution is to go up.