Breed: Forestation Skyscraper

By:  | April - 20 - 2020

Honorable Mention
2020 Skyscraper Competition

Yahia Ahmed Yahia Kheder

It doesn’t require many fires or many people to deforest a whole country over a certain period of the earth’s life. Deforestation drivers are; human impacts through deforestation, overexploitation, promotion of faster-growing tree species, clear cut forestry, improper management, air pollution, animal grazing, and many more (Euforgen).

There are different cases of countries used to be much more wooded and now become among the worst examples of deforestation. Basically, the soil is exposed in parts, then it starts washing away or blowing away. That is what we see in a very large part of many countries. Seeing those trees setting out there dead in the landscape without having money to do something with the land becomes a global challenge.

This proposal aims to maintain the evolutionary potential of forests’ trees. To support growing more forests and better forests, and to make the land more productive and more able to tolerate the pressures we put on it. Moreover, increasing forestry in developing countries raises people’s living standards and improves life’s conditions. Through providing firewood, food, building materials, shelters, and increases the potential sustainable green stack for the solar biomass.

The mission of the project is to produce the seeds each environment needs. That will eventually be genetically well-adapted materials, and to improve the conservation of the genetic diversity of the forests’ tree species across the world (Lefèvre, F. et al., 2013).

The idea is to start using exotic species. As a result of the continual climate changes, the native one simply will not be productive (Þröstur Eysteinsson, Euforgen). And for forests’ survival and adaption in the long term, this requires all the countries across the distribution of species to work together beyond the political borders (Euforgen).

Genetics of forests’ trees are important. Knowing each tree to plant is a complicated hard process. How much heat they need in the summer to grow, how tolerant they are to drought, when they do know to stop growing in the Autumn, these all of things are genetically determined in the tree. Therefore, areas harboring trees’ populations that have adapted to specific environmental conditions or have distinct characteristics will be defined as “Genetic conservation units” (European strategy for genetic conservation of forest trees).

The basic principle is to establish at least one genetic conservation unit in each environmental zone in every country where the species occur and is currently not sufficiently well conserved. Then, selecting different populations for gene conservation purposes. These genetic conservation units should represent the current genetic diversity of the species across the world. The maintenance of the evolutionary processes within these selected populations is important to safeguard their potentials for continuing adaption.

The target is to plant and produce around 3 million seedlings per year in every affected spot by deforestation. With twelve forests overlapping, merging two technical floors to control all demanded conditions. In addition to a biomass factory, gene labs, and storage facilities. Seedlings will be produced in modern tree nurseries with greenhouses. They are all containerized seedlings which will be very easy to plant. After this, selecting individuals that are best adapted, bringing them together in the seed orchard, then use their offspring in a new forest generation.

These new generations will grow better and better than ever before. This will be something that worth timing and results will be satisfying to everyone. That’s a great cause for optimism.

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