Pruitt-Igoe Reloaded

By: admin | October - 12 - 2015

“Modern Architecture died in St Louis, Missouri on July 15, 1972 at 3.32 p.m. (or thereabouts) when the infamous Pruitt-lgoe scheme, or rather several of its slab 3 blocks, were given the final coup de grace by dynamite.”_Charles Jencks

This project designed by Giacomo Pala is an attempt of developing an investigation about the possibility of having multiple objects contradicting each-other. Instead of a single Object Ontology, this design is a “Motley Ontologies” architecture sided against all of the architectural positivisms. It is an architecture that invokes an ironic, parodic and self-parodic conception of the discipline within the Avant-Garde agenda. This kind of architecture is able to ironically take advantage of the gap between Avant-Garde aspirations and reality, so as to incorporate the concept of multiplicities in the design strategies.

This architectural, theoretical and critical investigation takes place in the Pruitt-Igoe. The project’s gound is not the (in)famous district of Saint-Louis, Missouri. It is a theoretical ground. The real context is Jencks’s sentence about this place. In my project, Pruitt-Igoe is once again the set where modernisms’ drama takes place. A drama about the simultaneous and incongruent layering of two ontologies which produces the possibility of a different architectural condition. Read the rest of this entry »

In response to mass production, the economic crisis, and the spatial segregation inherent in real-estate prices, this structure designed by Malka Architecture not only co-opts impoverished or outlying spaces, but also upscale places through the use of an active system.

The lower rungs of the population can therefore rise more than forty-nine feet above ground, via a system of pylon and interconnected footbridges.

This nomadic micro-city is organized around multiple activities that include residences, offices, and meeting rooms, as well as art galleries, recording studios, shops, playgrounds, canteens, and night clubs. All of these activities are run by the residents themselves.

The structure consists of a modular system, footbridges, and public spaces, all mounted on scaffolding.

This moving metropolis can be easily and quickly disassembled, and can be adapted to various urban configurations developed according to the number of participants.

It is a voluntary ghetto, an organized community of ideas, a hood built from an appropriation of land both conquered and controlled. Read the rest of this entry »

Floating Dental Clinic in Japan

By: admin | October - 9 - 2015

The buildings look like a set of building blocks piled up to the brink of collapsing, but they do not fall down even though it seems like they could at any moment.

They consist of a dental clinic and a house, which were built in a residential area in a suburb of Hachioji—a city located in the western part of Tokyo. The building site was previously a field, and we planned to construct a dental clinic, a house, a garage for two cars, and a parking lot for seven patients’ cars at the site, which was spacious enough to accommodate all these structures and provide a comfortable working and living environment.

Locating the garage and the parking lot close to the road that runs in front of the clinic makes them easiest to use if the need to put a car into and pull it out of the garage or the parking lot is taken into consideration. In this case, however, the buildings would have to be arranged at the back of the site, an arrangement that would diminish the dental clinic’s presence in the neighborhood. If the buildings were arranged at the front, on the other hand, there would be problems with the flow plan to park nine cars in the garage and the parking lot.

Therefore, we arranged the garage on the side of the front road, secured as much space as possible between the garage and the dental clinic by arranging the latter as far away from the garage as possible, and designed the house so that one of its ends barely stayed on the edge of the garage and the other on the edge of the dental clinic. By doing so, we achieved our two goals: making the parking space easy to use and emphasizing the presence of the structures.

We divided the rectangular space of the dental clinic into several strips of space and allocated features such as waiting lounges, consultation rooms, hallways, and other miscellaneous facilities to them. And we arranged a living and dining room with a kitchen, a bathroom, and a lavatory on the northern side of the narrow, flat house with a staircase located at its center and a bedroom and other rooms on the southern side.

Basically, indirect lighting is used for both the inside and outside of the buildings. Upward-facing linear LED lighting apparatuses have been installed on the external wall of the dental clinic. In addition, linear cornice lighting apparatuses have been employed for the waiting lounges and the living room of the house. Thus the surface of both inside and outside walls are illuminated by soft, linear rays of light.

These recently constructed buildings are two stories but are farthest from the standard concept of two-story buildings. The reason for this is that the second floor barely stays on the first floor. This structure may be a wasteful one if viewed from the perspective of economic efficiency, a requirement that has essentially to be met when designing a building.

However, these buildings, which look like a set of building blocks piled up to the brink of collapsing and are full of tension, retain an atmosphere of traditional Japanese architecture, which is typically made up of beams and pillars, though they are modern structures, and at the same time, they have an overwhelming presence not found in other structures. The piloti (piling) without pillars beneath the house is used not only to allow people and cars to pass through it but also for a waiting lounge or a living room with tables and chairs arranged in it for when the weather is nice.

Through this project, we were able to create a set of buildings with an overwhelming presence and comfortable spaces, whose value cannot be measured based on economic efficiency alone.

Architecture Design:Kunihiko Matsuba (TYRANT Co.,Ltd.)
Structure Design: Tatsumi Terado (Tatsumi Terado Structural Studio )
Lighting Design:Shoji Hiroyasu(LIGHTDESIGN.INC)
Photo: Taishi Hirokawa Read the rest of this entry »

The project is located in the city on Jiyuan in Henan province in a plot with a site area of 51.904 m2 in the intersection of the Manghe River and Tiantan street one of the main street of the city. The project will revitalize and transform this central area in a new commercial and residential center in the city.

The project will accommodate a common podium with two floors of retail spaces and one leisure floor with cinemas, restaurants, bowling. The roof of the podium is a public park continuation of the park of ground level developed along the river. From this podium emerge 11 residential towers and one tower with 240 hotel rooms and offices space. Two basements floors of parking serve to the residential and retail spaces. The total built area of the development is 335.181 m2.

Since the first drawing the Green Architecture was in mind to have an environmentally friendly project centered on passive design features that will increase building user comfort and reduce lifecycle energy consumption.

Some of the passive design features are: the common scaling podium in height in order to produce shadows in the street level and showcase; staggered arrangement of the residential buildings in the podium in order to maximize natural daylight, ventilation in the apartments, views from within the interior spaces and the sun in the green roof.

Limit buildings to 100 meters in height for regulation encourage to give a dynamic image to the project playing with the height of the residential building between 21 to 27 floors to have an expressive and sculptural composition. The façade of residential building is a composition of vertical waves in contraposition of the horizontal waves in the office-hotel tower that close podium in the west.

Landscaped roof park in the podium is fluid and porous with an open well lights that allow to bring inside of the podium the light and the natural ventilation creating a public open spaces. This wells light could close in the severe winter. This park contain plazas, fountains, gardens, relax spaces and play ground areas.

In the construction prefabricated systems will be used for the structure, facade and partitions that will allow a considerable reduction of construction time and provide construction elements of outstanding quality.

Author: ARQTEL (Lorenzo Barrionuevo)
Client: Quantum Properties LTD
Project Type: Mixed- Use Read the rest of this entry »

Beautiful sceneries are the assets of our city. The “Breeze”, the proposed cycling track in Ting Kau Hong Kong by architectural designer Chun Chi Cheung, is an attempt to provide an effective and comfortable means connecting these beautiful places together for the public to relax and enjoy, and to arouse them once again how beautiful our city really is.


Its existence is in a free and organic form, just like a ribbon dancing under the wind. We call it the “Breeze”, because its fundamental concept is to pay tribute to the Nature, as if it was part of the Nature. We hope the public could also be brought closer to the Nature through the Breeze. Its harmonious and unique sculptural form would become an affinity for the public, even the tourists, to join in this nature exploration journey. In turn, we believe our city’s image could be enhanced.


To enrich this nature exploration journey, the proposed resting stations will no longer be just for rest. Variety of events could be introduced into the stations and the shaded areas on the track to arouse the interest of the public towards Nature, for examples, an insect garden, butterfly house, aviary, botanical garden, a mini-zoo, a mini-aquarium, an astronomy mini-observatory, a reptile garden and even a dinosaur park. These events would definitely make the cycling activities more attractive and interesting, especially for the families.


Diagrid (diagonal grid), which is used, is a structural design for constructing large development with steel that creates triangular structures with diagonal support beams. It requires less structural steel than a conventional steel frame. Hearst Tower in New York City, designed by Sir Norman Foster, reportedly uses 21 percent less steel than a standard design. The diagrid also obviates the need for large vertical columns and provides a better distribution of load in this project. Apart from diagrid structure, the design is also built up by algorithmic parametric computer model and is carefully subdivided into several smaller modules to facilitate mass production. By variating the module combinations, a free and meandering form is evolved.


Steel diagrid structure is intrinsically having a very light and transparent expression owing to its high porosity. Together with the proposed organic and harmonious form, its presence would definitely be less intrusive and massive than the normal concrete structures, taking into consideration with its close proximity to some existing buildings along the beaches.


LED lighting is installed in the structural members and there will be a spectacular light show every night. This not only could extend the night life of our busy urban people for gathering and enjoyment, but also provide another visual icon for our city when the structure glittering and changing colour at night. We also invent a “Rainbow” interactive effect in the design, whenever the cyclist could drive through the shelters at a certain speed, the color change of the LED lighting would be synchronized with the motion of the bicycle. This is achieved by installing a series of motion sensors along the shelters of the cycle track. We believe the “Rainbow” could become one of lifetime memorable event for every cyclist.


The power consumption of the structure will be offset by the energy generated from solar panels installed on the shelters, and we aim to achieve the Zero Carbon (Type 2) standard for this project. The definition of the Zero Carbon (Type 2) is “area within the Zero Carbon Boundary is connected to local grid. Production of onsite renewable energy offsets the power consumed from grid over an annual basis.”


To echo with the Nature, a sense of wilderness is evoked in the landscaping treatment. Variety of wild flowers and grasses are planted in the cycle track. Diagrid structure will also be covered with wire mesh for climbers to grow to reinforce this green concept. Read the rest of this entry »

Terra Nova Urban Planning

By: admin | October - 9 - 2015

The city of Beer Sheva, in south Israel, expresses the modernist object and the modern mortal perception. This city’s thesis, located in the desert – Arab – Mediterranean area, creates an imbalanced gap between the local native conceptual spirit and the eastern European modernist urban planning; allowing inserting “external” thesis  spatial – Mediterranean, to create a sustainable urban space, that will expresses the conceptual native properly and the complexity of the mortal appearance phenomenon. The project relates to questions regarding the dwelling space perception and the ex-territorial city space.

The compression concept raises the question of being and existence of the individual-mortal in the internal and external space. Density \ response compression is creation of a new chemical bond as a response to adding a certain molecules to individual molecules. Similar to the process of diamond formation in nature: Carbon atoms, located internal spaces underground, becoming a diamond when pressures with high-temperature come into underground spaces and act on carbon within the boundaries of that internal space and together it obtained a diamond. Hence, we can interpret the formation of urban space as a phenomenon that can be expanse by inserting external phenomenon to a certain place for creating the complexity of a urban surface and redefinition it space, similar to the complexity of the mortal appearance phenomenon in nature. The project include planning of 3000 apartment, schools, commercial. urban gardens, streets and roads in a 200 acres

student: Liran Yehuda Shukrun
university: Ariel University, School of Architecture
location: Middle East, Israel
advisor: Prof. Beni R. Levy, Itzhak Elhadif, Udi Mendelson, Dana Oberson, Yoav Lanir
project title: “Terra Nova” – Urban Planing Thesis Read the rest of this entry »

The Daniel Urban Kiley Teaching Fellowship is awarded annually to an emerging designer whose work articulates the potential for landscape as a medium of design in the public realm. The Kiley Fellow will be appointed Lecturer in Landscape Architecture at the Harvard Graduate School of Design for the 2016-17 academic year. While the Kiley Fellowship is awarded competitively on an annual basis, successful Fellows are eligible to have their academic appointments renewed for a second year at the rank of Lecturer, dependent upon review of their teaching, research and creative practice.

This initiative is intended to recognize and foster emerging design educators whose work embodies the potential for landscape as a medium of design in the public realm. The Daniel Urban Kiley Fellowship builds upon the history of pedagogic innovation at the GSD as well as the century of leadership in landscape education within the Department of Landscape Architecture.

Deadline for receipt of applications: January 15, 2016

For details and more information, please visit Kiley Teaching Fellowship or send an email to: kileyfellowship@gsd.harvard.edu.

Fascinating Shape

An exhibition pavilion with a particularly impressive façade design has been created in Milan for the Expo 2015. The concept, based on a design of the renowned architect Daniel Libeskind, is a flowing organic shape which originates from a free-hand sketch. Shimmering vermillion stoneware tiles produced by Casalgrande Padana are used for the façade of the complete building. The glazed material with its shimmering metallic surface and the dynamic three-dimensional pattern emphasises the impact of the pavilion. The tiles were attached to the curved parametric building with an intelligent anchoring system. The undercut anchors by KEIL of Engelskirchen used for this made the secure and invisible installation possible. The pavilion which has been created is an impressive statement of the possibilities offered by technical detail solutions to modern architecture and façade design.

The Expo 2015, taking place in Milan until 31 October of this year, has the theme of “Feeding the Planet – Energy for Life”. A total of 155 nations participate in the world exhibition and leave visitors with a lasting impression with the individual and unusual architecture of their national pavilions. This year, the Chinese real estate company Vanke is represented with its own pavilion. The interior of the pavilion represents a traditional communal Chinese dining hall, a “Shitang” with its customs and utensils – and thus takes up the theme of the world exhibition.

4,200 ceramic tiles

The façade cladding of the Pavilion sets the tone. Specially designed 60 x 60 centimetre porcelain stoneware tiles are used for this. They are attached with the KEIL undercut system. The fixing points are not visible so that the special visual impact of the tiles is not adversely impacted. The mixture of clays, quartzes and feldspars used for the tiles in combination with a metallic glaze rich in oxides provide for a ceramic surface with dynamic effect. In addition, the tiles were given a fractal 3D pattern. As a result, the colour appearance of the pavilion changes – depending on incidence of light, time of day and viewing angle of the observer – from a deep red to shimmering gold. A total of 4,200 tiles are used for the scale-like skin of the building. The individual elements do not touch and thus create their own shadows.

Extraordinary façade construction

The flowing curved shape of the building demands a clever façade structure and the thought out installation of the individual elements. The supporting steel structure of the pavilion consists of portals and struts which lend shape to the complex geometry. Profile sheets were mounted horizontally with joint cement and provided with a secondary support layer. A cladding layer follows consisting of mineralised wood-fibre panels and graphite polystyrene panels covered with render protecting the building from air and water. However, the façade becomes complete only with the ceramic tiles. To attach them, steel squares are anchored to the structure of the pavilion and welded to round calendered steel rods. The latter surround the architectural shape and run parallel below each other. They form the base for the subsequent installation of the façade tiles.

Requirements for the installation of the façade panels

The façade cladding must follow the curved shape of the building and create a uniform organic impression. For this reason the ceramic tiles were fitted on the rear with metal plates and a system which enabled adjustment during installation. Thus an adjustment to the asymmetric shape was possible on site. Another aspect for the attachment of the tiles was safety: unexpected breakage of individual tiles or loading from wind gusts and other weather effects must not endanger the structure. In addition, the attachment had to be invisible so that the harmonic overall impression of the sinuous building was not impaired.

Anchor system for invisible attachment

The KEIL undercut technology is particularly suitable for these requirements: For the Vanke Pavilion in Milan, this intelligent system enables the invisible and, at the same time, very secure attachment of the façade cladding. The attachment points are on the rear of the tiles. A special drill bit produces the cylindrical hole as well as the conical undercut in one step. These form the basis for the attachment of the undercut anchor consisting of an anchor sleeve and a hex screw. When the screw is inserted, the anchor sleeve settles into the undercut hole with a positive fit and free from stress. The different diameters of hole and undercut ensure a secure hold – without loading the tile. Thus stress cracks are avoided. The tile can be cleanly attached to the support structure with the bracket situated between anchor sleeve and screw.

Approved system

In addition to the tiles used in Milan, other materials, too – such as natural stone, cast stone and glass fibre reinforced concrete – can also be attached with the KEIL undercut technology. The system has extensive building approvals – also at European level. Thus the manufacturers of façade material no longer have to obtain their own approvals. For the planner, this means the greatest possible selection of façade materials for the design and their attachment under defined conditions with clear performance parameters. The seismic safety of this technology has been tested up to magnitude 9.4 on the open-ended Richter scale. Characteristic values for wind suction loading are also available. Internationally, the attachment has proven itself under extreme weather conditions – in the cold of Novosibirsk and the heat of Kuwait.

Building with a striking character

With a height of twelve metres and a gross floor area of 740 square metres per floor, the Vanke Pavilion in Milan has a nett exhibition space of more than 900 square metres. Even from a distance, the curved building stands out clearly and acts as a magnet to visitors due to its innovative architecture. The organic shape mirrors the Chinese landscape with its mountains, rivers and hills and at the same time its scale-like surface recalls a dragon. The pavilion is an outstanding architectural example for innovative façade design and emphatically highlights the use of technical solutions. The sophisticated attachment technology by KEIL opens up many possibilities of designing a harmonious façade without visible attachment points. Read the rest of this entry »

Sited in the currently emerging Bahrain Bay, just north of Manama, the tower encompasses housing, offices, retail, and public spaces–all of which seek to remain flexible and adaptable to future change. In this way, as Bahrain Bay further develops, the tower strengthens local character and supports community needs, while simultaneously creating an iconic destination. Standing at a height of 49 stories–or 170 m–it is composed of two housing components atop of plinth of retail, offices, and a parking garage, the last of which occupies seven stories and includes 700 spaces. The creation of these two housing components within one site, maximizes the amount of glazing within each housing unit, and engages the tower with its adjacent buildings, which also stand at 170 m.

The plinth’s ground floor is publicly accessible and is mostly composed of retail and public lobby space. Due to a division of these ground floor spaces, along the site’s southern edge, a breezeway was created that allows the public to traverse the tower’s entire site–without entering its interior–which serves to infuse the tower’s immediate context with pedestrian life. In this way, the ground level frontages of the tower’s retail spaces are maximized. This also increases the amount of evening lighting on the ground floor, and thus also the adjacent sidewalks and pedestrian walkways. Common areas accessible to all residents–such as cafés and wellness centers–are dispersed throughout the tower, the largest of which is a sprawling roof garden on the tenth floor.

Four types of housing occupy both components of the tower: studio, one-, two-, and three-bedroom units. All are organized in such a way, so that minimum circulation is wrapped around the core, which enables circulation to instead be allocated to the interior of each unit; this maximizes their amount of living space. Each unit was designed so that there are two walls of glazing along their exterior edges, which was made possible by the placement of–most often–four units on each of the tower’s living levels. Floor-to-ceiling height operable windows allow for ample access to light and air from within each living space. Due to this increased floor area ratio, each unit has a covered exterior space nearly equal in size to its interior. And as the circulation of each housing unit occurs along its glazed edges, rather than through an interior corridor, the transition between inside and outside within each unit is dissolved, which allows for seamless living between interior and exterior spaces.

Due to the extensive amounts of glazing on the tower’s façade, a panel-like system of sliding aluminum louvers serves as an additional layer of privacy and shading–in tandem with the façade’s treated glass, and the covered exterior terraces. Together, these elements protect the tower’s interior from passive solar gain, while the louvers lend to the tower, an ever changing and thus chameleon-like appearance, due to the reflections they catch from direct sunlight. As the tower reinterprets its immediate historic context by innovating while retaining essential cultural characteristics, its housing, offices, and retail spaces impart an understated elegance, modernity, and iconic world-class address in Bahrain Bay. Read the rest of this entry »

Sport complex “Diana” is located in vast urban park in the heart of city of Yambol. The project is reconstruction of existing sport hall with capacity of 800 spectators and extension with new multifunctional sport hall with capacity of 3500 spectators. The aim of the project is not only to add bigger sport hall, but to transform the building in multifunctional sport complex for sport and cultural events. Thus the complex will be significant and vibrant part of urban fabric.

The main architectural approach of the building`s design is to provide a comprehensive sustainable architectural concept for the sport complex and the public space around it.

The heart of the complex will be new bigger hall with multifunctional sport field with four sided spectators seats. The hall will be used for sport events, cultural events and concerts. The hall interior is dominated by rough reinforced concrete spectator platforms and the fluid lines of the roof. The hall space is not divide from the foyers and thus made it more vast and dynamic. The fluid forms of the “building skin” follows the functional requirements for height and space.

The orthogonal volumes of the existing hall will be reconstructed as a contrast of the bio forms of the new addition. The two parts (new and existing) will be cladded with same aluminium composite panels with light “hameleon” color. The existing hall will be used for training purposes.

The complex is naturally flow in the park environment. It serves as border /entrance to the park from the adjacent boulevard where the new hall is faced. There is a pedestrian bridge from the boulevard to the hall which is suspended above the parking.

Architect: StudioATM Read the rest of this entry »